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What is the difference between Ethical Hacking and Cybersecurity?

What is the difference between Ethical Hacking and Cybersecurity?

What is the difference between Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security

Nowadays, a lot of firms depend on ethical hacking and cybersecurity to protect themselves against cyberattacks. Although they are not the same, cybersecurity and ethical hacking both aim to increase a company’s security. Ethical hacking is a subset of cyber security, which is a large field. Each of these ideas is essential knowledge for any company investing in a security architecture. You may learn more about the distinctions between cybersecurity and ethical hacking from this article.

Cybersecurity: What is it?

Let’s define cybersecurity first before exploring the distinction between it and ethical hacking. Cybersecurity is the method or process for defending against damage, hostile attacks, and unauthorized access to networks, computers, and data. It is a collection of skills and tools that shields its users against attacks on their information, tools, or software.

Cybersecurity is getting more and more important. Whether they are public or private, all businesses maintain massive amounts of data that are essential to their operations and need to be effectively protected from any cyber threats. The danger from cyberspace is expanding quickly. Every business must take the necessary steps to safeguard its sensitive information, particularly those engaged in maintaining sensitive data related to national security or other matters.

Ethical hacking: What is it?

By testing the system against all potential security breaches and fixing any holes, ethical hacking is a sort of cyber security that takes place before a hostile attack. Hacking is forbidden, but ethical hacking is a legitimate way to get around system security and find any potential data security risks. Ethical hackers look into systems to find vulnerabilities that malicious hackers may take advantage of.

The job of ethical hackers is comparable to that of black-hat hackers, however, ethical hackers protect their networks rather than use their actions to harm others.

Cybersecurity vs. Ethical Hacking: Differences

The purpose of both terms, which is to secure the data, is the same when comparing ethical hacking and cyber security, but the means used to achieve that goal vary. Let’s examine the specific differences between the functions of ethical hacking and cybersecurity.

1. Job Role Comparison between Ethical Hacking and Cybersecurity

Here, we’ve detailed the distinctions between the roles of cybersecurity and ethical hacking:

Job Role in Cybersecurity

  • A cybersecurity expert’s main responsibility is to conduct regular audits and spot system inefficiencies.
  • To enhance the security system, a cybersecurity professional must use the most effective technologies.
  • The security system should be continuously updated by cybersecurity professionals.
  • For better system protection, the cybersecurity expert should give the appropriate access privileges.
  • Cybersecurity professionals must describe the effects of damaging attacks on the firm.
  • A cybersecurity expert’s job is to come up with several suggestions for enhancing the security system.
  • Professionals must examine hardware and software for defects and hazards. They are in charge of controlling and keeping an eye on any intrusions and attacks. The professionals are required to locate a potential threat or attempted breach and fix the security flaw. Infrastructures for networks include firewalls.

Role of an Ethical Hacker

  • A system’s performance is evaluated by an ethical hacker who checks it for various security issues.
  • The expert is required to evaluate the company’s security system and provide suggestions for enhancements.
  • Regular pen tests on the system, web application, and network should be conducted by ethical hackers to check for security flaws.
  • When identifying vulnerabilities, ethical hackers should make reports, and after the problems have been fixed, they should provide comments.
  • The company has to know how the attack can hurt its users and operations, according to ethical hacking specialists.
  • Hacking methods should be used by ethical hackers to provide fixes for the system’s problems.
  • By receiving the greatest cybersecurity training, you can master ethical hacking. You may discover information about current cloud and IoT initiatives, case studies, and events. Learn various hacking procedures, tactics, and tools from the top professionals.

2. Cyber Security vs Ethical Hacking: Objective

Cyber Security:

The process of protecting sensitive information on the Internet and devices against assault, deletion, or unauthorized access is referred to as cybersecurity. Cyber security offers a danger-free and protected environment where information, systems, and devices can be guarded against intrusions.

Ethical Hacking:

Ethical hacking aims to strengthen system or network safety by addressing vulnerabilities discovered during testing. Ethical hackers utilize the same methodologies and tools as cyber attackers, but only with the consent of the authenticated user, to improve system security and fight against hostile user assaults.

3. Cyber Security vs Ethical Hacking: Methods 

Cyber Security:

  • Critical infrastructure cyber security, Network security, Cloud security, IoT (Internet of Things) security, and Application security.
  • These methods assist in securing systems, networks, and other devices effectively.

Ethical Hacking:

  • Phishing, Sniffing, Social Engineering, Injection of SQL data, Hijacking, Footprinting, Enumeration, and Cryptography
  • These hacking methods assist ethical hackers in more securely protecting systems and networks. These tactics are more effective when used by an experienced hacker to safeguard systems, and these are more reliable and employ the most modern upgrades to safeguard systems and networks.

4. Cyber Security vs Ethical Hacking: Work Intention


The work intention of a cyber security expert is defensive, which means cyber security experts protect the system from getting attacked. It is a defensive job.

Ethical Hacking:

The work intention of a professional, ethical hacker is offensive, which means an ethical hacker mainly concentrates on how to inundate the system, and it is an offensive job.

5. Cyber Security vs Ethical Hacking: Process


Below given are the steps of cyber security processes. Each stage is equally vital as the next, and having a clear roadmap assists cyber security analysts in carrying out their responsibilities. These steps are:

  • Determine the Assets
  • Secure the Assets
  • System Monitoring
  • Resolve Incidents
  • Recovery

Ethical Hacking:

It necessitates a significant amount of expertise and works for ethical hackers to uncover all of the weaknesses and leverage them fully. This simulated attack is intended to identify any areas of vulnerability in the organization and strive to strengthen them. The stages of ethical hacking processes are as follows:

  • Reconnaissance
  • Scanning
  • Acquiring Access
  • Maintaining Access
  • Wrapping of Traces

6. Cyber Security vs Ethical Hacking: Responsibilities


Cybersecurity expert responsibilities include protecting the system by establishing access privileges, control structures, and resources. Problems are identified by finding anomalies and noting breaches. Enforces security measures by examining the present situation, evaluating trends, and forecasting needs.

Ethical Hacking:

An ethical hacker’s responsibilities include visiting clients, discussing the present security system, investigating the company’s system, network structure, and potential infiltration points, performing several penetration tests on the system, and detecting and documenting security weaknesses and compromises.

Final thoughts

This concludes our blog on the difference between cyber security and ethical hacking. Ethical hacking is concerned with discovering vulnerabilities that are vulnerable to exploitation long before hackers do. In contrast, cyber security is concerned with reducing risks via different security mechanisms.

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Robert Lemmons
Robert Lemmons is an IT professional who has spent his last few years in the cybersecurity field. He enjoys reading science fiction novels, especially by Isaac Asimov, and recently took up the task of writing a science fiction novel of his own.

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